Las 10 obras de arte más famosas de Leonardo da Vinci - niood (2023)

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De la Mona Lisa a la Última Cena al Hombre de Vitruvio a Salvator Mundi...

(Video) El renacimiento (proyecto de la universidad).

Leonardo da Vinci (15 de abril de 1452 – 2 de mayo de 1519) fue un erudito italiano del Alto Renacimiento que se desempeñó como pintor, dibujante, ingeniero, científico, teórico, escultor y arquitecto. Si bien su fama inicialmente se basó en sus logros como pintor, también se hizo conocido por sus cuadernos, en los que hacía dibujos y notas sobre una variedad de temas, que incluían anatomía, astronomía, botánica, cartografía, pintura y paleontología.El genio de Leonardo personificó el ideal humanista del Renacimiento, y sus obras colectivas componen una contribución a las generaciones posteriores de artistas igualada solo por la de su contemporáneo más joven, Miguel Ángel.Leonardo se encuentra entre los más grandes pintores de la historia del arte y, a menudo, se le atribuye el mérito de ser el fundador del Alto Renacimiento. A pesar de tener muchas obras perdidas y menos de 25 obras importantes atribuidas, incluidas numerosas obras inacabadas, creó algunas de las pinturas más influyentes del arte occidental.niood enumera las 10 obras de arte más famosas de Leonardo Da Vinci:

1. Mona Lisa(c. 1503–19)

La Mona Lisa es una pintura al óleo del artista, inventor y escritor italiano Leonardo da Vinci. Probablemente terminada en 1506, la pieza presenta un retrato de una mujer sentada frente a un paisaje imaginario.Representada de manera similar a las representaciones renacentistas de la Virgen María, la pieza presenta una figura femenina, que la mayoría cree que es Lisa Gherardini, la esposa del comerciante de telas y seda Francesco Giocondo, de cintura para arriba. Se la muestra sentada en una logia o en una habitación con al menos un lado abierto.Detrás de ella hay un paisaje nebuloso y aparentemente aislado imaginado por la artista y pintado con sfumato, una técnica que da como resultado formas “sin líneas ni bordes, a modo de humo o más allá del plano de enfoque”.Su mirada es otra parte fascinante de la composición. Muchos creen que sus ojos te siguen a través de la habitación, lo que la convierte en una participante activa cuando se la ve, en lugar de permanecer como un objeto para mirar.Además de su apariencia misteriosa, su expresión ha resonado con más fuerza entre los historiadores del arte por su posible simbolismo, ya que muchos creen que es una inteligente “representación visual de la idea de felicidad sugerida por la palabra ‘gioconda’ en italiano”.

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Una de las razones más populares del atractivo mundial de la Mona Lisa es su sonrisa. Da Vinci usó la ilusión óptica para crear una sonrisa única a través del trabajo de perspectiva y sombras. Da Vinci pintó la Mona Lisa de tal manera que los ojos de la Mona Lisa caen directamente en el foco del espectador, mientras que los labios caen justo debajo de la periferia de la visión.

La expresión facial le da a la imagen una cualidad desconcertante y hace que el espectador pregunte qué pensó la modelo, quién era y por qué parece feliz y triste para algunos.

Las 10 obras de arte más famosas de Leonardo da Vinci - niood (2)

2. La Última Cena(c. 1495–98)

La Última Cena es la interpretación visual de Leonardo de un evento narrado en los cuatro Evangelios (libros del Nuevo Testamento cristiano). La noche antes de que Cristo fuera traicionado por uno de sus discípulos, los reunió para comer, decirles que sabía lo que venía y lavarles los pies (gesto que simboliza que todos eran iguales ante los ojos del Señor). Mientras comían y bebían juntos, Cristo les dio a los discípulos instrucciones explícitas sobre cómo comer y beber en el futuro, en memoria de él. Fue la primera celebración de la Eucaristía, un ritual que aún se realiza.Específicamente, La Última Cena describe los siguientes segundos en esta historia después de que Cristo lanzó la bomba de que un discípulo lo traicionaría antes del amanecer, y los doce han reaccionado a la noticia con diferentes grados de horror, ira y conmoción.

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3. Vitruvian Man(c. 1490)

El dibujo, realizado a pluma y tinta sobre papel, muestra una figura masculina en dos posiciones superpuestas con brazos y piernas separados y simultáneamente inscrito en un círculo y un cuadrado. La relación proporcional de las piezas refleja el diseño universal. Y un equilibrio “médico” de elementos asegura una estructura estable. Por tanto, estas cualidades son compartidas por igual por la creación del cuerpo humano por parte de Dios y la propia producción de un buen edificio por parte del ser humano.Esta imagen proporciona un ejemplo perfecto del gran interés de Leonardo por las proporciones.

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4. Self Portrait(c. 1490/1515–16)

El retrato de un hombre con tiza roja (c. 1510) en la Biblioteca Real de Turín es ampliamente aceptado, aunque no universalmente, como un autorretrato de Leonardo da Vinci. Se cree que Leonardo da Vinci dibujó este autorretrato alrededor de los 60 años.El retrato se ha reproducido extensamente y se ha convertido en una representación icónica de Leonardo como un erudito u “Hombre del Renacimiento”. A pesar de esto, algunos historiadores y académicos no están de acuerdo en cuanto a la verdadera identidad del modelo.

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5. La Virgen de las Rocas(c. 1483–86)

La Virgen de las Rocas (italiano: Vergine delle rocce), a veces la Virgen de las Rocas, es el nombre de dos pinturas del artista renacentista italiano Leonardo da Vinci, del mismo tema, con una composición idéntica excepto por varios significantes detalles.Ambos cuadros muestran a María y el niño Jesús con el niño Juan Bautista y un ángel Uriel, en un entorno rocoso que da a los cuadros su nombre habitual. Las diferencias compositivas significativas están en la mirada y la mano derecha del ángel. Hay muchas formas menores en las que se diferencian las obras, incluidos los colores, la iluminación, la flora y la forma en que se ha utilizado el sfumato. Aunque la fecha de una comisión asociada está documentada, se desconocen las historias completas de las dos pinturas, lo que lleva a especular sobre cuál de las dos es anterior.

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6. Head of a Woman(1500–10)

Este retrato inacabado de una joven con el pelo despeinado (de ahí su sobrenombre, scapigliata) es principalmente un dibujo a pincel con algo de pigmento, su tratamiento es similar a otras obras incompletas del artista. Sin embargo, el contraste entre lo esquemático del cabello y el cuello y el modelado refinado del rostro debe ser intencional. Sugiere que Leonardo se inspiró en un pasaje (muy conocido durante el Renacimiento) del antiguo autor romano Plinio el Viejo. Plinio comentó que el gran artista Apeles dejó incompleta su última representación de la Venus de Cos y que, no obstante, la obra fue más admirada que su primera pintura terminada de la diosa.

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7. La dama del armiño(c. 1489–91)

La dama del armiño, también conocida como Retrato de Cecilia Gallerani, fue un precursor de la Mona Lisa en la forma en que retrata la mística de una mujer de una manera elegante.Uno de los aspectos más curiosos del cuadro es la repetición entre mujer y bestia: en su palidez y rasgos puntiagudos el armiño entrega una imagen especular de su dueño, aunque su musculatura claramente lo marca como masculino. Los velos transparentes que cubren la cabeza de Cecilia crean capas más literales de ofuscación. Es una imagen envuelta en misterio.El armiño acunado en los brazos de Cecilia Gallerani ilustra el interés persistente y la afinidad de Leonardo por los animales: tanto el poder y la complejidad de sus anatomías como su fuerza emblemática. Dibujó caballos al galope, el andar de un oso, patas de perro y pájaros en vuelo.

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8. Salvator Mundi(c. 1500)

Salvator Mundi (en latín, “Salvador del mundo”) es una pintura atribuida total o parcialmente al artista italiano del Alto Renacimiento Leonardo da Vinci, que data de c. 1499-1510.La pintura representa a Jesús con un traje renacentista azul anacrónico, haciendo la señal de la cruz con su mano derecha, mientras sostiene un orbe de cristal transparente y no refractante en su izquierda, señalando su papel como Salvator Mundi y representando la ‘esfera celeste’ de los cielos.La pintura fue vendida en una subasta por 450,3 millones de dólares el 15 de noviembre de 2017 por Christie’s en Nueva York al príncipe Badr bin Abdullah, estableciendo un nuevo récord para la pintura más cara jamás vendida en una subasta pública.

Las 10 obras de arte más famosas de Leonardo da Vinci - niood (9)

9. Ginevra de’ Benci(c. 1474/78)

La piel blanca tiza impecable, los rasgos finos de la porcelana y una expresión reservada y algo impenetrable reflejan el refinamiento de Ginevra de ‘Benci, de 16 años. Como la mayoría de los sujetos de retratos del Renacimiento, ella provenía de una familia adinerada y educada.La apariencia marmórea de su tez, alisada con la propia mano de Leonardo, está enmarcada por los rizos ondulados de su cabello. Esto contrasta maravillosamente con el halo de púas del enebro. Leonardo cubrió el fondo de este retrato con un fino velo de niebla conocido como sfumato; esto se crea con esmaltes de aceite superpuestos. Aunque Leonardo no creó este efecto, se vuelve conocido por su hábil uso. Las 10 obras de arte más famosas de Leonardo da Vinci - niood (10)

10. La Virgen y el Niño con Santa Ana(c. 1503–19)

La Virgen y el Niño con Santa Ana es una pintura al óleo inacabada de c. 1503 por el artista renacentista italiano Leonardo da Vinci que representa a Santa Ana, su hija la Virgen María y el Niño Jesús. Se muestra a Cristo luchando con un cordero de sacrificio que simboliza su Pasión mientras la Virgen intenta contenerlo. Las 10 obras de arte más famosas de Leonardo da Vinci - niood (11)

FAQs

What is the most famous thing that Leonardo da Vinci painted? ›

It is primarily as a painter that Leonardo was and is renowned. Two of his works, the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper occupy unique positions as the most famous, most reproduced and most parodied portrait and religious painting of all time, their fame approached only by Michelangelo's Creation of Adam.

Did Leonardo da Vinci have any famous quotes? ›

Learning never exhausts the mind. Nothing strengthens authority so much as silence. Art is never finished, only abandoned.

What are 5 interesting facts about da Vinci? ›

5 Surprising Facts About Leonardo Da Vinci
  • He didn't go to school. ...
  • He liked to dissect corpses. ...
  • His masterpiece was destroyed. ...
  • He wrote in reverse. ...
  • Bill Gates bought Leonardo da Vinci's notebook.

What was Leonardo da Vinci's first painting? ›

By India Today Web Desk: Italian scholars claim to have finally unearthed the first known piece by Renaissance artist Leonardo Da Vinci. The artwork is called The Archangel Gabriel, a painted glazed tile that had been signed and dated by an artist believed to be the 18-year-old Da Vinci.

How many paintings of Leonardo da Vinci still exist? ›

Leonardo da Vinci's total output in painting is really rather small; there are less than 20 surviving paintings that can be definitely attributed to him, and several of them are unfinished. Two of his most important works—the Battle of Anghiari and the Leda, neither of them completed—have survived only in copies.

Who is famous for writing backwards? ›

Leonardo's Private Notes

Not only did Leonardo write with a special kind of shorthand that he invented himself, he also mirrored his writing, starting at the right side of the page and moving to the left. Only when he was writing something intended for other people did he write in the normal direction.

What was da Vinci favorite color? ›

Pink was especially his favorite. ✫ He was famous for his love for animals. Sources tell us that many times, he used to purchase caged animals and birds, in order to set them free. ✫ Da Vinci is said to have left many of his paintings incomplete.

Was da Vinci a vegetarian? ›

It has been gleaned from the many available historical documents that da Vinci was a vegetarian who respected and loved animals, and that he suffered from right hemiparesis in the last 5 years of his life. A vegetarian diet has both positive and negative influences on the cerebrovascular system.

What is the IQ of Leonardo da Vinci? ›

Da Vinci, famed painter and theorist, is estimated to have had IQ scores ranging from 180 to 220, according to parade.com.

Why is da Vinci so famous? ›

Although he is best known for his dramatic and expressive artwork, Leonardo also conducted dozens of carefully thought out experiments and created futuristic inventions that were groundbreaking for the time. His keen eye and quick mind led him to make important scientific discoveries, yet he never published his ideas.

What makes Leonardo da Vinci's art unique? ›

Among the qualities that make da Vinci's work unique are the innovative techniques that he used in laying on the paint, his detailed knowledge of anatomy, his innovative use of the human form in figurative composition, and his use of sfumato.

How much is a Mona Lisa worth? ›

However, another conflicting report claims that back in 1962, the painting's price was assessed at $100 million. Taking inflation into account, it would make its value about $900 million as of 2021.

Can you buy the Mona Lisa? ›

Truly priceless, the painting cannot be bought or sold according to French heritage law. As part of the Louvre collection, "Mona Lisa" belongs to the public, and by popular agreement, their hearts belong to her.

What is Leonardo da Vinci's style of art? ›

Leonardo da Vinci

How much is The Last Supper worth? ›

In 1958 it was worth $59, today $100m. The 'last' Leonardo keeps on rising in value.

How long did da Vinci work on the Mona Lisa? ›

Leonardo begins painting the Mona Lisa, which he will work on for four years (according to Leonardo da Vinci's biographer, Giorgio Vasari.)

Who owns the Mona Lisa? ›

It was acquired by King Francis I of France and is now the property of the French Republic. It has been on permanent display at the Louvre in Paris since 1797. The Mona Lisa is one of the most valuable paintings in the world.

Whats the most expensive painting? ›

The Most Expensive Paintings Ever Sold

The most valuable painting in history must surely be the Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci. Although it is considered priceless, we can determine some numerical value by looking at the insurance value of the painting. In 1962 the masterpiece was assessed at a value of $100 million.

Are there any missing Leonardo da Vinci paintings? ›

The Battle of Anghiari is a truly lost work by Leonardo da Vinci — in its fresco form, anyway. Often referred to as 'the Lost da Vinci,' it is known that the piece was commissioned sometime around 1503; however, he never finished the project.

Why do left handers write backwards? ›

Pathological left-handed mirror writing in children has long been noted to be particularly common in dyslexia or more nonspecific “learning difficulties.”3 In adults, pathologically acquired mirror writing most commonly occurs in focal diseases affecting the left hemisphere, in particular a stroke that results in a ...

What causes a child to write backwards? ›

A child might reverse letters because of a poor memory for how to form letters. Another possible cause is visual processing issues. In this case, a child might have trouble identifying how images are different (visual discrimination) or which direction they face (visual directionality).

Do left-handed kids write backwards? ›

For example, many people have long thought it's caused by left-handed writing. However, that's just a myth. A 2016 study found that mirror writing occurs about as often in right-handed kids as in left-handed ones.

What did Leonardo da Vinci eat? ›

It's a little known secret that Leonardo preferred a vegetarian diet and probably feasted on sautéed vegetables with eggs and cheese, two foods that would have been abundant for the relatively prosperous painter. He would have had plenty of delicious breads to spread with soft cheese, fresh butter and fig preserves.

What was Leonardo da Vinci's favorite animal? ›

Leonardo's interest in birds, among other animals, was likely formed during his youth. His fondness of animals was so great that he was rumored to buy caged birds and free them.

What is Leonardo da Vinci favorite food? ›

Da Vinci lived to be 67 — nearly twice the average life span at the time — and his longevity may well have been due to his vegetarian diet. Leonardo's favorite food was a simple minestrone soup, and a recipe is included in the book.

Who is the most famous vegan? ›

1. Moby. One of the most high-profile vegan celebrities who has been vegan since 1987 is American musician and animal advocate Moby. The musical legend first cut meat from his diet aged 19 thanks to his beloved pet cat Tucker.

Who was the first vegan? ›

In 1806, at the age of 41, Dr. William Lambe adopted an exclusively plant-based diet as a result of health problems. At the time, it was common for people following a “vegetable diet” to consume dairy products, but Dr. Lambe rejected these products as well, making him one of the first “vegans” as we know it today.

Who was the first vegetarian? ›

Parshwanatha founded Jain vegetarianism in 9th century BCE, which is widely considered to be the earliest form of planned vegetarian diet.

Who has 400 IQ? ›

Marilyn vos Savant (/ˌvɒs səˈvɑːnt/; born Marilyn Mach; August 11, 1946) is an American magazine columnist who has the highest recorded intelligence quotient (IQ) in the Guinness Book of Records, a competitive category the publication has since retired.
...
Marilyn vos Savant
SpouseRobert Jarvik ​ ( m. 1987)​
Children2
2 more rows

What IQ is Elon Musk? ›

IQ 155. Elon Musk IQ, which is reported to be 155 IQ, is one of the most intriguing aspects because there is no official evidence proving the precise amount.

Why was da Vinci so smart? ›

Being curious about everything and curious just for curiosity's sake, not simply because it's useful, is the defining trait of Leonardo. It's how he pushed himself and taught himself to be a genius. We'll never emulate Einstein's mathematical ability. But we can all try to learn from, and copy, Leonardo's curiosity.

Was Da Vinci a genius? ›

Leonardo da Vinci, as we know, was the epitome of the Renaissance man. We know that he was a genius, a polymath, a pioneer in fields as diverse as anatomy and hydrodynamics. We know that Leonardo invented the tank, the helicopter, the flying machine, the parachute, and the self-powered vehicle.

How Leonardo da Vinci changed your life? ›

While many of da Vinci's designs seem far-fetched, he did work on ideas and items we use today. He created the first usable versions of scissors, portable bridges, diving suits, a mirror-grinding machine similar to those used to make telescopes, and a machine to produce screws.

Why was Leonardo da Vinci so important to the Renaissance? ›

His life and work reflected the popular humanist ideals that shaped the Renaissance era. In many ways, Leonardo da Vinci reflects the fundamental components of the Renaissance, as his interests spanned the fields of art, architecture, music, science, mathematics, anatomy, geology, and botany.

How did Leonardo da Vinci impact art? ›

Art Techniques

Leonardo Da Vinci as well invented a technique that helped softened the colors by using a dark glaze around the edge of objects. This technique is known as sfumato, this is taken from the Italian word for smoke, fumo.

How old was da Vinci died? ›

What is Leonardo da Vinci most famous for and why? ›

Although he is best known for his dramatic and expressive artwork, Leonardo also conducted dozens of carefully thought out experiments and created futuristic inventions that were groundbreaking for the time. His keen eye and quick mind led him to make important scientific discoveries, yet he never published his ideas.

Where are Leonardo da Vinci most famous paintings? ›

Here are 10 places you can find da Vinci's work on your travels.
  • Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan. Church. ...
  • Czartoryski Museum, Kraków. Museum. ...
  • The Louvre, Paris. Museum, Building. ...
  • Uffizi Gallery, Florence. Art Gallery. ...
  • National Gallery, London. ...
  • National Gallery of Art, Washington DC. ...
  • Vatican Museums, Rome. ...
  • Alte Pinakothek, Munich.
7 May 2019

Why is the Mona Lisa so famous? ›

The Mona Lisa is so famous because it's an oil painting in the style of realism by Renaissance icon, Leonardo da Vinci. Da Vinci was born in 1452 and grew up to be one of the best painters, architects, and inventors of the Renaissance era.

How much is Mona Lisa worth? ›

Marca reports that as per Stéphane Distinguin, the CEO of the technology company Fabernovel, the Mona Lisa would be sold for nothing less than €50,000 million in 2022. In dollars, that's $53,729,008.08. However, another conflicting report claims that back in 1962, the painting's price was assessed at $100 million.

What is the IQ of Leonardo da Vinci? ›

Da Vinci, famed painter and theorist, is estimated to have had IQ scores ranging from 180 to 220, according to parade.com.

Why was da Vinci so smart? ›

Being curious about everything and curious just for curiosity's sake, not simply because it's useful, is the defining trait of Leonardo. It's how he pushed himself and taught himself to be a genius. We'll never emulate Einstein's mathematical ability. But we can all try to learn from, and copy, Leonardo's curiosity.

What makes Leonardo da Vinci's art unique? ›

Among the qualities that make da Vinci's work unique are the innovative techniques that he used in laying on the paint, his detailed knowledge of anatomy, his innovative use of the human form in figurative composition, and his use of sfumato.

How much is the Last Supper worth? ›

In 1958 it was worth $59, today $100m. The 'last' Leonardo keeps on rising in value.

Is the Last Supper still there? ›

What is the Leonardo's Last Supper nowadays? Leonardo's Last Supper is located in its original place, on the wall of the dining room of the former Dominican convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie, exactly in the refectory of the convent and is one of the most celebrated and well known artworks in the world.

What was Leonardo da Vinci's last painting? ›

After weeks of anticipation, it finally happened: Leonardo da Vinci's Salvator Mundi (circa 1500), billed as the last known painting by the Renaissance master in private hands, sold at Christie's for $450.3 million.

Who owns Mona Lisa? ›

It was acquired by King Francis I of France and is now the property of the French Republic. It has been on permanent display at the Louvre in Paris since 1797. The Mona Lisa is one of the most valuable paintings in the world.

Can you buy the Mona Lisa? ›

Truly priceless, the painting cannot be bought or sold according to French heritage law. As part of the Louvre collection, "Mona Lisa" belongs to the public, and by popular agreement, their hearts belong to her.

How many times was the Mona Lisa stolen? ›

To look back on this unusual art-historical lineage, ARTnews has charted below five times in which the Mona Lisa was vandalized or stolen.

Who owns the most expensive painting in the world? ›

Nu couché — Amedeo Modigliani

The proud owner of this work is billionaire Lui Yiqian, a former taxi driver who founded two private museums in Shanghai and who reportedly paid for the purchase using an American Express Card.

What are the 10 most expensive painting in the world? ›

Top 10 Most Expensive Paintings in the World​
1. Three Studies of Lucian Freud by Francis Bacon2. Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer II by Gustav Klimt
3. The Masterpiece by Roy Lichtenstein4. Pendant Portraits of Maerten Soolmans and Oopjen Coppit by Rembrandt
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