City Walk: Historical Buildings Walking Tour, Salamanca, Spain (2023)

Historical Buildings Walking Tour Map

Create Your Own Self-Guided Walks in Salamanca

Guide Name: Historical Buildings Walking Tour
Guide Location: Spain » Salamanca (See other walking tours in Salamanca)
Guide Type: Self-guided Walking Tour (Sightseeing)
# of Attractions: 11
Tour Duration: 2 Hour(s)
Travel Distance: 2.2 Km or 1.4 Miles
Author: nataly
Sight(s) Featured in This Guide:

  • Palacio de Monterrey (Monterey Palace)
  • Pontifical University of Salamanca
  • Hospital del Estudio (Hospital of Study)
  • Cielo de Salamanca (Sky Over Salamanca)
  • Escuelas Menores (Minor Schools)
  • Palacio de Anaya (Anaya Palace)
  • Palacio de la Salina (Salina Palace)
  • Torre del Clavero (Clavero Tower)
  • Convento de las Duenas (Duenas Convent)
  • Convento de San Esteban (Convent of St. Stephen)
  • Colegio de Calatrava (Calatrava College)

1) Palacio de Monterrey (Monterey Palace)

The Monterrey Palace is a building in the Spanish city of Salamanca, one of the greatest exponents of the Plateresque artistic style. Built by the III Count of Monterrey, it is currently owned by the Casa de Alba, which is the owner of said county. It was a highly admired and imitated building in the 19th century, giving rise to the so-called Monterrey or Neoplateresque style, a historicism that took up the Plateresque aesthetic.

It was declared a National Historic Monument, equivalent to the current term BIC with the category of Monument, on May 6, 1929.2 Since May 2018 the building is open to tourist visits.

The Monterrey Palace was built —in the Italian Renaissance style— by Don Alonso de Zúñiga y Acevedo Fonseca, III Count of Monterrey. Rodrigo Gil de Hontañón and Fray Martín de Santiago drew up the plans for the palace, and Pedro de Ibarra and Pedro de Miguel y Aguirre began construction on January 18, 1539. Since then it would become one of the most representative works of the Spanish Renaissance.

The Monterrey palace has had a notable influence on many Spanish buildings from the 19th and 20th centuries, such as the Palace of the Diputación de Palencia, the work of Jerónimo Arroyo from 1916, the Archaeological Museum of Seville by Aníbal González from 1919 or the Cavalry Academy of Valladolid by Adolfo Pierrad from 1924.

In May 2018 the palace was opened to tourist visits as a museum space. This building houses valuable works of art, as well as a varied collection of furniture, tapestries, porcelain.

Sight description based on Wikipedia.


2) Pontifical University of Salamanca

The Pontifical University of Salamanca (in Spanish: Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca) is a private Roman Catholic university based in Salamanca.

This Pontifical University has its origins in the unique University of Salamanca, founded in 1218 and one of the oldest institutions of all Europe and the whole world. Resulting from the resolution of the Spanish kingdom of dissolving the faculties of Theology and Canon Law at the University of Salamanca in 1854, Pope Pius XII decided to establish a new pontifical university and restore those faculties in a new institution. Additional faculties and schools were added over the years.

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Olegario González de Cardedal, who received the Ratzinger Prize in 2011, teaches Dogmatic and Fundamental Theology. The University is famous thanks to its faculties of Philosophy, Psychology, Informatics and Education.

Sight description based on Wikipedia.


3) Hospital del Estudio (Hospital of Study)

The Hospital del Estudio (Hospital of Study) of the University of Salamanca, located in the city of Salamanca, is an old hospital that operated from its creation in 1413 until 1810. It currently houses the Rectorate of the University of Salamanca.

The building occupies almost the entire southern front of the Patio de Escuelas with a turn onto Calle de Libreros.

The façade is simple, with a doorway, a gate and several windows. The doorway is Plateresque and has a large semicircular arch that houses two doors with carpanel arches with the figure of Saint Thomas on the tympanum. In the upper part there are three shields: that of Castilla y León in the center and on the sides those of each of the kingdoms.

Due to the shape it has, the column that supports the arches seems to have been reused from another place, and it is to be assumed that the original, in loam stone from Villamayor and in a style more similar to Gothic, suffered damage that made the change necessary. The façade is crowned with a crest that, due to its poor condition, was extensively redone, around 1950, for the celebrations of the VII centenary of the University.

Sight description based on Wikipedia.


4) Cielo de Salamanca (Sky Over Salamanca)

Cielo de Salamanca (Sky Over Salamanca)​ is a mural painting attributed to Fernando Gallego that corresponds to the third part of the decoration of the vault of the old Library of the Major Schools of the University of Salamanca, space occupied by the current chapel of San Jerome.

The vault was painted in the 1480s. In the 18th century the other two thirds collapsed during the construction of the chapel, whose vault is four meters below the previous one, hiding the original roof. In 1901 they were rediscovered by Professor García Boiza. In the 1950s, the paintings were removed from the original vault, transferred to canvas and transferred to their current location (University Museum in the Minor Schools) for their contemplation.

This is an astrological representation intended for the teaching of Astrology, probably inspired by the chair of astrology that had recently been established (c. 1460) at the University of Salamanca, which served as support for the practice of Medicine.

The logo of Salamanca 2002 European City of Culture (and currently the logo of the Salamanca City of Culture Municipal Foundation) is inspired by this painting.

Image Courtesy of Wikimedia and Terencio.

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Sight description based on Wikipedia.


5) Escuelas Menores (Minor Schools)

The Escuelas Menores (Minor Schools), is the building that housed the minor teachings (Bachelor's degree) of university studies.

The construction of this building began in 1428. The façade is very narrow and is located in a corner of the Patio de Escuelas, next to the Hospital del Estudio façade. The entrance is made up of two semicircular arches that rest on a column with a Corinthian capital. In its upper part, there is the imperial coat of arms of Carlos I. The building is organized around a one-story courtyard, whose mixtilinear arches recall those of the Casa de las Conchas; on them there is today a baroque balustrade.

It is currently used for dependencies of the University of Salamanca.

In one of the classrooms in the courtyard, the so-called "Cielo de Salamanca" is currently preserved, which is one third of an extraordinary mural painting attributed to Fernando Gallego that alludes to astronomical and astrological themes.

It dates from the end of the 15th century and was originally located in the vault of the old library (where the chapel is today) of the Escuelas Mayores building, a vault that partly collapsed and the remaining third was covered by that of the new chapel, and moved here after its discovery during construction in the mid-20th century.

Sight description based on Wikipedia.


6) Palacio de Anaya (Anaya Palace)

Palacio de Anaya (Anaya Palace) is one of the few buildings in Salamanca in neoclassical style. It owes its name to Diego de Anaya Maldonado, founder of the Colegio de San Bartolomé in 1401. Its works began in 1760, to replace the previous building of the Colegio Mayor de San Bartolomé, badly damaged in the Lisbon earthquake of 1755. Its creators were José from Hermosilla and Juan de Sagarvinaga. Its most striking elements are the façade and the imperial staircase inside the palace, where there is also an interesting bust of Miguel de Unamuno, made by Victorio Macho in 1930.

After the suppression of the university colleges, the building had various uses, including Civil Government, which is why it is currently known as a palace, although it is actually a college.

The Anaya Palace currently houses the Faculty of Philology of the University of Salamanca.

Next to the school is the Hospedería, 1715, by Joaquín Churriguera, which housed students who paid for their studies by serving other noble and wealthy students who occupied the College. Today it is used for classrooms and offices, and its old stables house the Faculty cafeteria.

The baroque church of San Sebastián, formerly the school chapel and currently the Cathedral Parish, is also attached.

Sight description based on Wikipedia.

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7) Palacio de la Salina (Salina Palace)

The Palacio de la Salina (Salina Palace) is a building built in the Plateresque style with Italian elements, built in 1538. It has an airy façade, patio with arches, capitals and corbels of great interest. The architect was Rodrigo Gil de Hontañón.

The palace was built by Rodrigo de Messia Carrillo (or Mejía), married to Doña Mayor de Fonseca y Toledo, lords of La Guardia, for which reason it is also known as the Palace of Don Rodrigo de Messia or Fonseca. The eldest son of the couple, Gonzalo Messia Carrillo, inherited most of the family assets on August 17, 1549, but the mother wanted to bequeath to her second son, Juan Alonso de Fonseca, some assets contributed by her to the marriage and, among them, the palace (and it is quite possible that the son adopted his mother's family name for this reason). For this reason the Fonseca coat of arms appears on the façade and the palace is known as Palacio de Fonseca.

It owes its name (La Salina) to having been the headquarters of the salt tobacconist (until 1870) and its layout, open to the street, shows that it is a building built from the beginning to be public and not intended for residence, so it It can be affirmed that said Juan Alonso de Fonseca, was the concessionaire of the salt monopoly in the city. And also that the legend that links the palace to Archbishop Fonseca is not true either.

Since 1884 it has been the seat of the Provincial Council. The institution bought it in 1881.

Sight description based on Wikipedia.


8) Torre del Clavero (Clavero Tower)

The Torre del Clavero (Clavero Tower) is one of the most typical and well-known monuments of the city of Salamanca. It was declared a national monument on June 3, 1931.

Rest of the manor house of the clavero of the Order of Alcántara. It brings together the interest of the military fortress and the constructive beauty of the XV century. The tower is square in plan with about 28 meters high. At about 20 meters the tower acquires an octagonal shape, adorned on each side with a semi-cylindrical drum surmounted by a coat of arms.

The Clavero tower is beautiful and graceful with its lines, with its ochavas loaded with sentry boxes, its irregular holes, its cornice of small arches and modillions and its shields of the Sotomayor and Anaya family, raise the question of whether it was built by order of Don Francisco de Sotomayor, clavero of the Order of Alcántara, in 1470, or Don Fray Diego de Anaya.

Sight description based on Wikipedia.


9) Convento de las Duenas (Duenas Convent)

The Convento de las Dueñas (Duenas Convent) is a Dominican convent located in the city of Salamanca. It was built in the 15th and 16th centuries. The convent was founded in 1419 by Juana Rodriguez Maldonado in her own palace. The church and the cloister were built around 1533. The convent preserves some of the original mudejar gates of the palace. One of them leads to the cloister. The capitals of the upper storey are among the more prominent examples of the Plateresque.

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Sight description based on Wikipedia.


10) Convento de San Esteban (Convent of St. Stephen)

The Convento de San Esteban (Convent of St. Stephen) is a Dominican monastery situated in the Spanish city of Salamanca.

The Dominicans settled in Salamanca in about 1255, but their original monastery was demolished to construct the parish church of St. Stephen in 1524, at the initiative of Cardinal Juan Álvarez de Toledo. Construction took until 1610, and involved Martin de Santiago, Rodrigo Gil de Hontañón, Juan Ribero Rada and Pedro Gutiérrez. However, the layout and design are by Juan de Álava, who began the work in 1524, as evidenced by a plan in his possession.

Rodrigo Gil de Hontañón was involved with the transepts and the dome. Although the church is considered to be an excellent example of the Plateresque style, the long period of construction explains the mixture of styles ranging from Gothic to the late Baroque, the latter not so noticeable in the architecture but very apparent in the reredos of the main altar by José de Churriguera. According to tradition, Christopher Columbus stayed in this monastery (actually in the earlier building it replaced) when he came to Salamanca to defend his idea of reaching the Indies by sailing west, against the geographers of the University.

During the Counter Reformation it was an important center for the Dominicans who founded the School of Salamanca, headed by Francisco de Vitoria.

Sight description based on Wikipedia.


11) Colegio de Calatrava (Calatrava College)

The Colegio de la Inmaculada Concepción de Calatrava, commonly called Colegio de Calatrava (Calatrava College), is the only college founded in Salamanca by the military orders whose building still stands; belonged to the Order of Calatrava.

Established as an imperial college in 1552 by Carlos V and incorporated into the University of Salamanca in 15541; The construction of this building did not begin until 1717, by Joaquín de Churriguera who directed the works until his death in 1724. In 1750 the works resumed directed by Jerónimo García de Quiñones. He was forced to eliminate the baroque ornaments of the original project due to the prevailing neoclassical ideas at that time, especially those wanted to be imposed by Francisco Ibáñez de Corbera, rector of the school when it was consecrated in 1790. In the War of Independence the canvases disappeared of Goya that was in the altarpieces.

The façade has two bodies and is articulated by giant order pilasters and topped with a balustrade. The decorative elements that adorn it are mostly Renaissance-inspired. In the decoration, we notice truly baroque mixtilinear elements around the main doorway, in the doors of the side towers and in the moldings that surround all the windows of the façade.

Today it is the headquarters of the Casa de la Iglesia, an institution that houses the dependencies of the Diocese of Salamanca.

Sight description based on Wikipedia.

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What is a historical walking tour? ›

A walking tour is a tour of a historical or cultural site undertaken on foot, frequently in an urban setting. Short tours can last under an hour, while longer ones can take in multiple sites and last a full day or more. A walk can be led by a tour guide, as an escort.

How long should a walking tour be? ›

Length of Tour

Try to plan the walk for an hour, and no more than an hour and a half. Walks usually take longer than the original plan because there will be contributions from the participants. Some people get uncomfortable standing or walking for longer periods of time, and need a place to sit.

How long should a walking tour last? ›

Walking Tour, as the name suggests, is a guided tour done by foot with a destination specialist, usually concentrated in a neighbourhood or region of the city and lasting between 1.5 to 4 hours. The tour usually starts at a meeting point near the main area to be explored.

What is the most famous route for walking in Spain? ›

The Camino de Santiago (or the Way of St James) is Europe's most popular pilgrimage route, and one that travellers are increasingly adding to their bucket lists.

What is the well known walk in Spain? ›

Spain's famous pilgrimage trail, El Camino de Santiago, has become one of the most popular walking holidays and spiritual journeys in Europe.

Is it worth going to Toledo Spain? ›

While most people go on a day trip to Toledo, the medieval town deserves so much more. If you want to get lost in the streets and really take the time to absorb everything, you should plan to stay for 4 to 5 days. There are so many things to do in Toledo, it's hard to know where to start.

How much do you tip on free walking tours? ›

It depends on the length of the tour, how other people are on the tour and and how satisfied you are after the tour, but it's common to tip anywhere from $5-$20 per person. If you consider the cost of paying for a group or private tour, even though "free" tours aren't totally free, you're still saving money.

How do I prepare for a walking tour? ›

A First Timer's Guide to Preparing for a Walking Tour
  1. Book a Medical Check Up. ...
  2. Address Pre-Existing Conditions. ...
  3. Get Active. ...
  4. Add Some Weight. ...
  5. Understand Your Nutritional Needs. ...
  6. Pack Light. ...
  7. Choose the Right Footwear. ...
  8. Accessorise the Right Way.
Jul 16, 2019

How do you make a walking tour interesting? ›

5 Tips for Creating A Walking Tour People Recommend
  1. 1 - Tell a Story. Your tour-takers want to go beyond just walking through your stops; they want to experience them. ...
  2. 2 - Be mindful of the distance and walking conditions. Consider the Climate. ...
  3. 3 - Stops. ...
  4. 4 - Content. ...
  5. 5 - Test out your tour.

Are free walking tours really free? ›

If you are new to the concept of free walking tours, these tours are not actually free. You simply get to determine how much you want to tip the guide at the end of the tour. Sometimes the guides earn only from whatever tips they receive from the tour attendees, so be generous if you really enjoyed it.

How do you make a historic walking tour? ›

How to create your own walking tour
  1. Evaluate the demand. ...
  2. Identify your target market. ...
  3. Decide on the theme. ...
  4. Create a tour itinerary. ...
  5. Select attractions to include along the route. ...
  6. Choose a duration. ...
  7. Create a walking tour map. ...
  8. Determine your costs.
Oct 28, 2021

What is a reasonable walking distance? ›

If you have to choose a single walking distance standard for all situations, the most commonly cited standard is 400m or 1/4 mi.

What is the most famous street in Spain? ›

The Ramblas, or Las Ramblas when you're in Spain, is one of the most famous and iconic boulevards of Barcelona.

What part of Spain is most visited? ›

Barcelona is the most visited city in Spain, and the Sagrada Familia Basilica is the country's most visited tourist attraction.

What is the most famous pilgrimage in Spain? ›

The Camino de Santiago — literally the "Way of St. James" — is Europe's ultimate pilgrimage route. Since the Middle Ages, pilgrims have walked hundreds of miles across North Spain to pay homage to the remains of St. James in the city named for him, Santiago de Compostela.

Where do pilgrims walk in Spain? ›

El Camino de Santiago, or The Way of Saint James, invites countless pilgrims from all over Europe and the world to arrive in Santiago de Compostela, a city of nearly 100,000 residents in northwest Spain, 22 miles east of the Atlantic Ocean.

What is the most popular Great walk? ›

The most famous of the Great Walks, the Milford Track is stunning. Throughout the hike waterfalls are plentiful and the scenic mountain pass does not disappoint. Arriving into the Milford Sound to finish the walk is the cherry on top.

Is Segovia or Toledo better? ›

Segovia is perfect for those who are interested in excellently-preserved Roman ruins. And while Toledo may be more striking from a city-skyline point of view, Segovia's actual landmarks (the cathedral, aqueduct and Alcázar specifically) are a bit more impressive.

Is Toledo Spain a day trip from Madrid? ›

Toledo is one of the most popular day trips from Madrid. It is easily connected to the Spanish capital by public transport, and is a fascinating yet small city that's easy to explore in one day.

Can you do Segovia and Toledo in one day? ›

Toledo and Segovia are the best day trips from Madrid. Both are only about 30 minutes away by high-speed train. You can take these day trips from Madrid on your own, no need for a tour!

What's another word for a walk tour? ›

sightseeing tour
  • bus tour.
  • rubberneck tour.
  • sight-seeing.
  • sightseeing excursion.
  • tour.
  • walking tour.

What are the three types of sightseeing tour? ›

There are 3 main types of tours:
  • Sightseeing Tours. ...
  • Shore Excursion Tours. ...
  • Adventure or Sporting Tours. ...
  • Other Types of Tours. ...
  • Combining Tours.

How many categories of walking tours are there? ›

Trips fall into three categories: cultural walking adventures, culinary tours and family journeys.

What is the difference between a walking tour and a bus tour? ›

Unlike a bus tour, where you experience a place through a window, a walking tour creates the opportunity to walk right next to history. You can reach out and touch the history with a walking tour rather than watching it pass you by.

What is a walking journey called? ›

A long walk or walking tour. hike. trek.

What do you call a person who loves to travel alone? ›

Solivagant (n.): To wander alone. Someone who is a solo adventurer who travels the world. This word comes from the Latin word solivagus, which means lonely or solitary.

What is a walking path called? ›

A footpath (also pedestrian way, walking trail, nature trail) is a type of thoroughfare that is intended for use only by pedestrians and not other forms of traffic such as motorized vehicles, bicycles and horses. They can be found in a wide variety of places, from the centre of cities, to farmland, to mountain ridges.

What are the 4 types of tours? ›

What are the 4 types of tours?
  • Group Tours. ...
  • Independent Tours. ...
  • Tailor-made Tours. ...
  • Optional Tours/Add-on.

What are the 4 types of tourists? ›

Cohen (1972), a sociologist of tourism, classifies tourists into four types, based on the degree to which they seek familiarity and novelty: the drifter, the explorer, the individual mass tourist, and the organized mass tourist.

What are the two basic types of tourists? ›

Types of tourism

Inbound tourism refers to the activities of a visitor from outside of country of residence (e.g. a Spaniard visiting Britain). Outbound tourism refers to the activities of a resident visitor outside of their country of residence (e.g. a Brit visiting an overseas country).

How do I make a walking tour itinerary? ›

How to create your own walking tour
  1. Evaluate the demand. ...
  2. Identify your target market. ...
  3. Decide on the theme. ...
  4. Create a tour itinerary. ...
  5. Select attractions to include along the route. ...
  6. Choose a duration. ...
  7. Create a walking tour map. ...
  8. Determine your costs.
Oct 28, 2021

What are the main 3 types of local tour guiding? ›

Types of tour guides
  • Historical guide. A historical guide leads tourists around historical landmarks and points of interest like ruins, temples, battlefields and other sites of historical importance. ...
  • Adventure guide. ...
  • Museum guide. ...
  • Nature guide. ...
  • City guide. ...
  • Park guide. ...
  • Freelance guide.
Mar 10, 2023

What are the delights of walking tours? ›

But a walking tour starts with enthusiasm, and ends with peace and spirit. Also, in order to enjoy walking, one must walk alone. If someone accompanies us, that turns into a picnic. Walking tours always kindle our spirits and refresh our minds.

Do tour buses have showers? ›

Most tour buses will have everything in them that you would need. Such as a bathroom space, a bed and a small kitchen area. Our buses have all of those things and more!

Is a tour bus cheaper than flying? ›

If you are planning a trip for a short distance, traveling by bus will almost always be a better option than flying. The ticket prices for buses are usually much cheaper than those of an airplane and you will be able to save time as well because there is no security line or stress of getting lost in the airport.

What are the main tour types? ›

  • Types of Tourism.
  • Adventure tourism. As a kind of tourism in India, adventure tourism has recently grown in India. ...
  • Beach Tourism. India's vast coastline and islands provides ample opportunities for fun packed tourism. ...
  • Cultural tourism. ...
  • Eco tourism. ...
  • Medical tourism. ...
  • Wildlife tourism.


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