Border Collie Lifespan | How Long Do Border Collies Live (2023)

If you are thinking about getting a Border collie, also known as the smartest dog breed in the world, then you will want to know everything about your pup’s health before you get started.

One of the most common concerns with adopting one is to know what the Border collie lifespan looks like.

Regardless of whether you are adopting a puppy, teenager, adult, or senior dog, it is a good idea to know what you are in for.

It is difficult to simply put a number on the life expectancy of a Border collie, because there are a lot of different factors at play that can impact your dog’s lifespan. These can include diet, exercise, vet visits, and even what health concerns the breed commonly comes with.

We have researched what impacts a Border collie’s lifespan and what you can do to extend it as long as possible. This is what you need to know.

Border Collie Life Expectancy

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When we are looking at what a Border collie life expectancy is, the short answer is that on average, the dogs live between 12 and 15 years. This is the average for a medium-sized dog, so Border collies are right on par with other breeds of the same size.

The breed was initially bred as a Scottish herding dog, meant to manage sheep. They have been explicitly bred for their intelligence and their obedience, making them incredibly capable of training.

They are a working breed of dogs and they will have the most fulfilled life when they are given a job. Border collies without jobs are stressed and will not be as content in life. Just like with humans, dogs that have a happier life will be less anxious and live better and longer lives.

There are many other things that you can do to extend the life of your Border collie as well.

How Can I Extend The Life Of My Border Collie

Feed Him Healthy Diet

One of the most important things that you can do to extend the Border Collie lifespan is to feed him the right foods.

We have all seen the inexpensive, store-brand foods out and about. They look like a bargain and are incredibly tempting to try out.

Unfortunately, generic and inexpensive foods will have a different cost at the end. They might not cost much upfront, but if your dog is not getting his nutritional needs met, he will cost you a lot more money in the long run.

(Video) Border Collie Dog Breed Lifespan, Temperament & more | Petplan

When you look at dog food and are trying to evaluate whether it is good for your dog, the first thing to look for is the first ingredient listed.

It should be a real protein, like beef or chicken. It must not be a byproduct of the meat or a grain, because those foods supply empty calories with no real nutritional value.

Of course, the best benefit of feeding your dog a healthy diet is that his overall health will improve, decreasing the risk of developing certain health conditions. He will then be able to live a much longer and better life.

Exercise & Training

Border collies are sure high in energy, so getting your Border collie to exercise is not going to be a problem. The issue is that you are going to have trouble getting your Border collie to stop exercising.

As we mentioned before, they are a working breed and thrive off of tasks.

That means when they are injured, they will continue to run and play as if they were not, putting them at a greater risk of injury and more permanent damage.

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Monitor how you are exercising your Border collie to make sure that he is getting a kind of movement that will not hurt him or run the risk of him tearing his knee.

Putting him through training can also help you out a lot with this. Border collies respond to training very well as they are an obedient breed of dog.

Training your pup to know when to stop is not going to be possible, so instead, make sure that your Border collie knows how to stop when you tell him to stop and to come when you call.

If your pup is laid up with an injury, he is not going to get adequate exercise, so it is better to prevent the injury from happening in the first place. That’s hard with a Border collie, but not impossible.

Visit The Vet Regularly

It is a tendency for some dog owners to only take their dogs in when there is a problem or concern. Instead, you can improve your Border collie’s life expectancy by taking him to the vet regularly.

Through regular visits, your vet will be able to check for any signs of an illness that might not have appeared yet.

Getting to health conditions before they turn into something else will definitely increase the lifespan of your dog. Your vet might also be able to check your dog’s weight and look for anything that might be of concern.

Likewise, your vet will be able to keep your dog up-to-date on vaccines, keeping your pup healthy in that way as well. There are a lot of diseases out there for dogs that can be prevented through routine vaccines, improving and extending your dog’s life.

(Video) Border Collie Pros And Cons | Should You REALLY Get A BORDER COLLIE?

Brush Your Border Collie’s Teeth

Brushing your dog’s teeth is definitely one of the most-forgotten tasks that dog owners should do. It makes sense, because the process seems daunting and your dog would have to comply. Luckily, Border collies are excellent at compliance.

Just like with humans, bacteria and plaque can build up on a dog’s teeth, putting them at risk of losing their teeth or developing an infection that can lead to death.

You should aim to brush your dog’s teeth once a day with canine toothpaste. Border collies should be able to understand what the goal is for brushing teeth, even if they have no idea why anyone brushes teeth.

Overweight Border Collies Live Shorter Lives

Just like with humans, overweight dogs will not live as long as healthy-weight dogs. This is because as mammals, we need to be the weight that our body can support best.

This is done through healthy exercise and balanced nutrition. While some breeds are more predisposed toward overeating and obesity than others, this is not the case with Border collies.

When a dog becomes overweight, it is harder for the dog to move around and therefore harder for the dog to lose the weight.

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When a dog has extra weight, their joints will be put under more pressure and they will be more likely to develop weight-related health issues, such as heart issues or even diabetes.

With the introduction of weight-related illness, your Border collie’s life expectancy will drop dramatically. He will also live a less joyful life as he will not be capable of running around in the same way that he once did.

Do Mixed Border Collies Live Longer Than PurebredOnes?

A common thought that comes up between all breeds is whether mixed breeds live longer than purebred dogs.

This is because there was once a big issue with purebred dogs being inbred, as in the dog parents used for breeding were closely related. This does limit the gene pool and amplifies the risk of developing breed-related illnesses.

Inbreeding is not as much of a concern anymore. Certified breeders are more careful about tracking where the dogs come from to ensure there is more diversity within the gene pool.

On average, mixed Border collies might live a fraction longer than purebred ones, but the difference is very slight and not enough to make a big difference if that is what your decision is waiting on.

If you do opt to have a purebred dog, just make sure that you can verify that the lineage is diverse enough to not have any of the inbreeding dog issues that can shorten your dog’s lifespan.

Border Collie Age Groups Explained

Puppy

When your Border collie is a puppy, he will be with his mother until he is about 8 weeks old. He will remain a puppy until about a year old.

(Video) [Border Collie] How To Take Care of Border Collies || How much does a Border Collie cost?

They are high-energy working dogs, so you can expect them to run around hard and then nap equally hard. They will need adequate calories to compensate for their energy.

Juvenile & Teenager

A Border collie is considered a teenager between 4 and 6 months of age. This also still falls under puppyhood.

During this age, you can expect your puppy to eat voraciously, as he will have more energy throughout the day while still growing very steadily. This is the age your puppy is likely to get in the most mischief as well.

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Adult

Your Border collie will be considered an adult at 12 months of age. This is the time that you can move him off of puppy food and move him onto adult food.

His energy level is not likely to slow down during adulthood, because they are a high energy breed and a working breed.

Senior

Your Border collie is considered a senior at 10 years old, but do not expect this to mean that your Border collie will slow down.

The breed does not slowdown, unless they have been physically impaired to the point that they cannot move, your Border collie will continue to be energetic until the very end.

Does Neutering & Spaying Affect Border CollieLifespan

Spaying and neutering your Border collie can improve his lifespan. This is a routine surgical procedure that makes it so that your dog cannot have any puppies.

When a dog has been spayed or neutered, there is a lower risk of your dog developing certain types of cancers.

You will also decrease the chance of your dog running off to find a mate, putting him at risk of being hit by cars, harmed by animals, or caught by humans.

You will also eliminate the risk of having unwanted puppies. If you have no intention of breeding your dog, it is best to have him spayed or neutered

Border Collie Common Health IssuesThat Can Affect TheirLifespan

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There are a few different health issues that are common among Border collies, including:

Hip Dysplasia: This genetic condition causes a dog’s hip joints to form improperly and will lead to arthritis. You can see if your dog has this by the movement of his hind legs or if he has trouble standing after lying down.

(Video) How Border Collies play: Young dogs vs. Senior dogs

Bone Disorder: If a Border collie grows too quickly, the cartilage in their joints will not attach to the bones properly. Also known as osteochondritis dissecans, this problem can be dealt with through surgery.

Epilepsy: Another issue that is common with Border collies is epilepsy. There are three kinds of seizures that dogs have: primary, secondary, and reactive.

Primary is an inherited condition and can be kept under control with medication. Reactive is due to a blood sugar issue and secondary is typically caused by a brain tumour.

Thyroid Issues: Hypothyroidism is a common Border collie issue, this is caused when a body does not produce enough thyroid hormone. You can see if through hair loss, weight gain, skin issues, and irritability. This can be treated with medication.

Anxiety: Border collies are also plagued with anxiety. This can be treated through medication, but is generally solved by moving the location of the dog to a working location.

Border CollieLifespanFAQs

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What Is The Longest Living Border Collie

The oldest Border collie on record was a dog named Bramble who lived in West England.

Bramble lived to the age of 25, which is highly unusual for any dog, Border collies included. Generally, Border collies do not live beyond 15 years.

Indoor vs Outdoor Border Collie

Typically, indoor dogs will always live longer than dogs that are kept exclusively outside. This is because outdoor dogs are exposed to the elements, potential toxins, and even predators, where indoor dogs have better living conditions. Indoor dogs have warmth, comfort, and happier lives.

Do BorderCollies Live Longer Than Australian Shepherds?

While the two breeds are so frequently placed together, they are not the same breed of dog.

While a Border collie lives between 12 and 15 years on average, an Australian shepherd’s range is 13 to 15 years, which means they have a slightly narrower lifespan, but they are almost exactly the same.

Final Words

If you are wondering whether you should adopt a Border collie, knowing his lifespan is only part of the equation. As is the case with any animal that you adopt, you need to commit to the care of your dog for the entirety of his life.

You will need to understand that the breed is high energy and requires a lot of work to reduce the risk of anxiety and to have a happy and balanced life.

Once you have decided to go forward with adoption, make sure you are feeding your dog well and giving him plenty of exercise to ensure that he is with you a long time.

FAQs

What is considered old for a Border Collie? ›

The Border Collie's lifespan is 12-13.5 years; thus, a 13-year-old Border Collie is considered old, and 14 is a good age for this breed if it is brought up in a healthy way. Border Collies are a dog breed with a high energy level.

Can a Border Collie live 20 years? ›

Border Collies may live up to 15 years. The average lifespan for Border Collies is between 12 and 15 years. However, they most typically live to be 12 years old with the rare exception of living up to 18 years old. The median life expectancy of breeds of similar size is generally 12 to 13 years.

How long do Border Collies live average? ›

At what age does a Border Collie slow down? ›

Border Collie dogs start to come down when they are about six years old. As the life expectancy of these dogs is about twelve years, they begin to slow down in the second half of their life. During this time, these dogs begin to become less active and adopt a somewhat relaxed demeanour.

How smart is a Border Collie? ›

They Are Extremely Smart Dogs

Dog experts widely agree that the Border Collie is an intelligent workaholic. They are capable of learning a remarkable number of words and commands, and they are happiest when they are put to work every day.

Is a Border Collie a good house dog? ›

Generally speaking, Border Collies make great family dogs.

However, even though they are terrific playmates and excellent watchdogs, they do require a particular lifestyle to be happy and make their owners content as well.

Do Border Collies have mental issues? ›

Without proper training or consistent mental stimulation, Border Collies can develop behavioral issues such as herding and nipping at the heels of children or adults, and destructive habits like chewing or digging.

Which dog lives the longest? ›

Live long and prosper

Jack Russell Terriers had the highest life expectancy at birth (12.72 years), followed by Yorkshire Terriers (12.54 years), Border Collies (12.10 years), and Springer Spaniels (11.92 years).

What is the average age of a dog's death? ›

Do Border Collies calm down with age? ›

When do Border Collies calm down? Border Collies are extremely intelligent and energetic dogs and usually continue to act like a puppies well into their adult years; generally, Border Collie owners see their dogs start to calm down at around 3 years old however this depends on your dog's personality.

Are Border Collies protective? ›

Protective. Similar to other herding and sheepdogs, Border Collies have a protective temperament and can be distrusting of strangers. Socializing them frequently at a young age will help prevent their protective nature from leading to excessive shyness or aggression around strangers.

What illnesses are Border Collies prone to? ›

Health. In general, the Border Collie is a healthy breed, but it has characteristic health conditions. Common genetic diseases are hip dysplasia, collie eye anomaly, progressive retinal atrophy, lens luxation and epilepsy.

Do Border Collies like to cuddle? ›

Border Collies' heritage stems from sheep herding, making them excellent watchdogs; they're well suited to anyone who loves a good walk and has time to spend outdoors. But many forget that they also love cuddling and bonding with their owners, making them the best of both worlds!

Are Border Collies barkers? ›

The Border Collie is a barking breed. They are easily visually stimulated which is often why they bark so much. They will bark at anything that moves quickly, such as bikes, skate boards and the like.

Are Border Collies Moody? ›

Without constant stimulation, excessive exercise, and a job to do, the Border Collie can often grow moody and turn self-destructive.

Why are Border Collies so needy? ›

Collies are prone to neediness because they have been bred for over 300 years to work with humans closely. This means that they develop a closer bond with their humans than other breeds. Collies tend to attach themselves closely to one family member and often will look to their owners for guidance and reassurance.

How often should I bathe my Border Collie? ›

Bathing a border collie

Typically, this breed only needs to be bathed every three months or so. If you take your dog on an extra muddy adventure, you can up the frequency (you don't want mud tracks all over your house!), but don't overdo it; going overboard and bathing your dog too frequently can irritate their skin.

Why do Border Collies sleep on their back? ›

Border Collies sleep on their backs when they feel safe in their surroundings and when it's very warm. Not all Border Collies sleep on their backs, but many prefer this position because it's comfortable and helps them keep cool.

Do Border Collies pick one person? ›

Border Collies usually prefer to bond to one person. They have an inherited instinct to do so because they are designed to work with one person as a team. In family situations this can cause problems when the chosen leader is absent.

Do Border Collies sleep a lot? ›

Despite being an active dog, collies require 12 – 14 hours of sleep per day. Working collies especially need lots of sleep to replenish their energy levels for the next days herding. As active as your collie is they do enjoy resting their eyes and drifting off to dream land.

Are 2 Border Collies better than one? ›

Two border collies are great company for each other when you cannot be with them. They can also provide each other with much of their daily exercise as long as they are of a similar size. Supervise their play in the beginning because they can get too rough if you are not careful.

What is the most common cause of death for Border Collies? ›

The Border collie can often live as long as 18 years or more. The most common causes of death are old age, cancer and cerebral vascular afflictions. There are several other conditions seen more often in the Border collie: Collie eye anomaly.

Do Border Collies get sick easily? ›

Border Collies are susceptible to bacterial and viral infections—the same ones that all dogs can get—such as parvo, rabies, and distemper. Many of these infections are preventable through vaccination, which we will recommend based on her age, the diseases we see in our area, and other factors.

Why do Border Collies stalk? ›

Just like staring, stalking helps control flocks of sheep because it mimics predatory movements. Gathering. Border collies may employ a variety of herding styles to control a flock of sheep. As mentioned, they tend to work mostly along the sides and at the front.

What dog has shortest lifespan? ›

#1 – Dogue de Bordeaux

Dogue de Bordeauxs, or French Mastiffs, are perhaps the shortest living dog breed in existence with a life expectancy of 5-8 years. What they lack in longevity, however, they make up for in their wonderful temperaments and easy care.

Do male or female dogs live longer? ›

The findings suggest that gender has no effect on the cause of death and a small effect on longevity — males live slightly longer. The majority of differences in canine longevity seem to be due to the effects of spaying and neutering.

Can a dog live 20 years? ›

The aging profile of dogs varies according to their adult size (often determined by their breed): smaller dogs often live over 15–16 years (the max is 20 years), medium and large size dogs typically 10 to 20 years, and some giant dog breeds such as mastiffs, often only 7 to 8 years.

How do I know my old dog is dying? ›

The last few days before your dog passes you may notice: extreme weight loss, a distant look in their eyes, a lack of interest in anything, restlessness or unusual stillness, a change in the way that your dog smells, and a changed temperament.

Do dogs live longer with another dog? ›

You've probably heard that an older dog becomes revitalized and may actually live longer, if you bring a younger dog into the family. In our experience, whether this is true depends on the dog and the family. Most older dogs don't like change, and some just won't adjust to having another dog around.

How long should you walk a Border Collie? ›

Your Collie will need a minimum of two hours exercise every day, but with Collies the more, the better! We'd recommend spreading this across the day in several walks with off-lead exercise in a secure area. On top of this, Collies love to keep their brains active, too!

Why do collies bark so much? ›

Border collies are known for barking a lot and they generally like to be heard. They will often bark when they are hungry, excited, bored, playful, lonely, or in need of their owner's attention. Thankfully, border collies are intelligent dogs and they can be trained to bark less.

Do Border Collies follow you? ›

Border Collies can be very clingy. They want to follow you from room to room and even lie down near where you're sitting. The reason that Border Collies are clingy has to do with their intelligence.

Why does my Border Collie always lick me? ›

Your Border Collie is Showing Affection or Submission

Because mother dogs lick their pups, your dog probably associates licking with security and affection. Licking you is your border collie's way of conveying that same sentiment. It's a sign that they love you and feel contentment in your presence.

Can Border Collies be mean? ›

Any breed, including border collies, can be aggressive when feeling threatened, scared, or provoked in the wrong way. Border collies aren't usually aggressive but they do have a tendency to nip, which could be confused for aggression.

Do Border Collies have breathing problems? ›

Border Collies are susceptible to a condition called patent ductus arteriosus, or PDA, in which a small vessel that carries blood between two parts of the heart does not close as it should shortly after birth. This results in too much blood being carried to the lungs, causing fluid build-up and strain on the heart.

Do Border Collies get DM? ›

Degenerative Myelopathy is an inherited neurologic disorder caused by a Mutation of the SOD1 gene known to be carried by border collies. This mutation is found in many breeds of dog, though it is not clear for border collies whether all dogs carrying two copies of the mutation will develop the disease.

Are Border Collies prone to deafness? ›

According to the Border Collie Club of Great Britain, approximately 3.6 percent of border collies experience bilateral or unilateral deafness. That's compared to 0.025 percent in the overall canine population. Bilateral means that the dog is deaf in both ears, while unilateral means one ear is affected.

Is 8 old for a collie? ›

Some Collies age gracefully, while others do not. Some are old at 8-10, while others remain youthful and full of pep well into their 12th or 13th year. Aging depends on the breed of dog, the genes, the kind of care and the amount of stress in the dog's life.

Is nine old for a Border Collie? ›

The Border Collie's lifespan

Border Collies have an average life expectancy of 12 years. Overall, it's from 10 to 15 years, but some of them reach 17 years of age or more.

What dog has the longest lifespan? ›

Australian Cattle Dog

An Australian Cattle Dog called Bluey holds the record for the longest-lived dog - reaching an incredible 29 years of age. The breed normally lives for around 15 years.

How much exercise does a senior Border Collie need? ›

Because of their long history as premier working and sheep-herding dogs, Border Collies require an extensive amount of physical activity. Top veterinarians and experts recommend about 1 to 2 hours of exercise each day to release any pent up energy in your Border Collie.

Do Border Collies have mental issues? ›

Without proper training or consistent mental stimulation, Border Collies can develop behavioral issues such as herding and nipping at the heels of children or adults, and destructive habits like chewing or digging.

Are Border Collies protective? ›

Protective. Similar to other herding and sheepdogs, Border Collies have a protective temperament and can be distrusting of strangers. Socializing them frequently at a young age will help prevent their protective nature from leading to excessive shyness or aggression around strangers.

Do Border Collies bark a lot? ›

So, do border collies bark a lot? Border collies are known for barking a lot and they generally like to be heard. They will often bark when they are hungry, excited, bored, playful, lonely, or in need of their owner's attention. Thankfully, border collies are intelligent dogs and they can be trained to bark less.

How long can a Border Collie be left alone? ›

A border collie can stay at home alone for a total of four hours. If you have a bigger dog, they may need a little more supervision, depending on how sociable the two dogs are together and if they get along well.

Is my Border Collie happy? ›

If your Border Collie gets very excited when you get home, it shows that he loves being around you and enjoys the time that you spend together. Your dog may also jump up on you or lick your face to show his affection.

Are Border Collies Moody? ›

Without constant stimulation, excessive exercise, and a job to do, the Border Collie can often grow moody and turn self-destructive.

What dog has shortest lifespan? ›

#1 – Dogue de Bordeaux

Dogue de Bordeauxs, or French Mastiffs, are perhaps the shortest living dog breed in existence with a life expectancy of 5-8 years. What they lack in longevity, however, they make up for in their wonderful temperaments and easy care.

Can a dog live 20 years? ›

The aging profile of dogs varies according to their adult size (often determined by their breed): smaller dogs often live over 15–16 years (the max is 20 years), medium and large size dogs typically 10 to 20 years, and some giant dog breeds such as mastiffs, often only 7 to 8 years.

Do male or female dogs live longer? ›

The findings suggest that gender has no effect on the cause of death and a small effect on longevity — males live slightly longer. The majority of differences in canine longevity seem to be due to the effects of spaying and neutering.

How long should a Border Collie sleep? ›

Despite being an active dog, collies require 12 – 14 hours of sleep per day. Working collies especially need lots of sleep to replenish their energy levels for the next days herding. As active as your collie is they do enjoy resting their eyes and drifting off to dream land.

How many times does a Border Collie need to be walked? ›

Your Collie will need a minimum of two hours exercise every day, but with Collies the more, the better! We'd recommend spreading this across the day in several walks with off-lead exercise in a secure area. On top of this, Collies love to keep their brains active, too!

How far should you walk your Border Collie? ›

Border Collies are notorious for being high-energy dogs, so getting the right amount of exercise is crucial. Most healthy adult Border Collies will need at least 90 minutes of exercise per day. However, this will vary depending on your dog's age, health, and general fitness.

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